“Turkey says Kurdish militants may be behind soccer bombing that killed 38” Reuters, 11/12/16

Report Link: http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-turkey-blast-idUKKBN140070

Our Summary: The report focuses on the latest terrorist attack in Turkey where 38 have been killed and 155 wounded by militants outside Besiktas soccer stadium in Istanbul, as militants targeted the police. Of the 38 killed 7 were civilians and 1 remains unidentified. There were two explosions, one of a car bomb and the other in a nearby car park. The Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) have been implicated by the deputy PM, in relation to the attack 10 people have been detained. The Deputy PM is quoted to say “The arrows point at the PKK,”.

Following on the report mentions the not so favourable relationship between Turkey and its allies especially the US regarding its Syria policy. The disagreement surrounds the US support for YPG, fighting ISIS(Daesh) in Syria. Turkey alleging YPG to be an extension to PKK. In Turkey, Sunday has been announced a day of national mourning. President Tayyip Erdogan cancelled his trip Kazakhstan and described the attacks as an aim “to cause maximum damage”. In a defiant statement he vows to overcome terrorist groups and the “forces behind them”. Continuing on the report importantly mentions how recently as last week ISIS has called to target Turkey for its attacks.

The NATO Secretary-General describes attacks as “horrific acts of terror”, European leaders and the US sent messages of solidarity with the Turkish nation. The attacks come after the failed military coup in which 240 were killed and the attack in June on Atarturk airport.

Our Verdict: Turkey continues to suffer from terrorism on its shores. The latest attack is part of a series of attacks to shock the Turkish nation this year. The pattern continues where the Turkish government vows to fight terrorism. Its struggle against PKK and “external forces” continues to trouble the defiant Turkish government. Finger-pointing towards PKK is unsurprising and maybe politically favourable to the Turkish government, however we think the ISIS threat after the recent call to target Turkey has significance. Its uncomplimentary relationship with US due to its support of YPG in Syria and also the support for Fethullah Gulen shows externally Turkey has withering support in the world. Also the souring of Turkey’s relationship with EU doesn’t help its fight against terrorism. It will be interesting to see how the Turkish government deals with this latest atrocity.

Key Word: Defiance

“The New Nationalism with his call to put “America first”, Donald Trump is the latest recruit to a dangerous nationalism” The Economist, 19/11/16

Article Link: http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21710249-his-call-put-america-first-donald-trump-latest-recruit-dangerous?fsrc=scn/tw/te/bl/ed/trumpsworldthenewnationalism

Our Summary: The Economist article begins with comparisons between Donald trump’s cry to make “America Great Again!” and Ronald Reagan’s campaign in 1980 after the Carter presidency failed the American people. The article continues by highlighting Ronald Reagan’s words describing America as a shining  “city on a hill” with echoes of America being an outward looking nation. In contrast to Donald Trump’s “No longer surrender this country” remarks pointing towards an inward looking “angry” nation.

Following on “New Nationalism” is described as a renewed race by the biggest powers “Russia, China and Turkey” towards varying chauvinism leading to a more “dangerous world”. Continuing to explore the subject of Nationalism the article describes how nationalism could be seen in positive light through “Civic Nationalism”, however Donald Trumps patriotism is a “blow to civic nationalism”. It also states how “ethnic nationalism” is on the rise in the world with differing faces in Russia, Turkey, India and China. Accordingly ethnic nationalism is “prospering” whilst post-war nationalism is failing.

Continuing, the ailing EU and it post-war vision of uniting European nations is failing with evident signs from Brexit. Possibly other European nations with a rise in “xenophobic ultranationalists” following may lead to the destruction of the EU. Historically when America last “turned inward” after World War I, the consequences were “calamitous”. An inward looking America will make solving global issues more difficult. Also the reduced protection from the US walking away from international security may lead to a “more unstable world”. Mr Trump’s “isolationist” vision  and new nationalism may lead to others nations following. This may consequently follow into a downward spiral for America and lead to hostilities within it and with others. The article concludes by mentioning how Donald Trump should change his “dark vision” for the sake of his country and the world and bring his vision in line with previous presidents.

Our Verdict: This article highlights the growing concerns surrounding global politics with Nationalistic and Ultra-nationalistic tendencies from prominent nations. We agree this is a growing trend across the globe that increases the chances of future hostilities between nations leading to instability in regions throughout the world. If this continues the future outlook is fearful. Where Post-war America captained the world towards capitalism and globalism it now is leading it towards nationalism and isolationism.

Key Word: Isolationism

 

“Russian doping: McLaren report says more than 1,000 athletes implicated” bbc.co.uk, 09/12/16

Report link: http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/38261608

Our Summary: This BBC report states more than 1000 russian athletes benefitted from doping between 2011 & 2015. 30 sports including football covered up samples in a state sponsored programme. The BBC article states the London 2012 olympic event was corrupted to “unprecented scales”. The report continues with mentioning the Mclaren report implicates 2013 World Athletics Championships in Moscow, and the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. Allegedly salt and coffee was used to dope. The first Mclaren report was denied by Russian officials, with calls for more evidence. Russian sports ministry denies sponsoring of state doping programme. Russian MP denies allegations as “empty” and as just finger-pointing towards the Russians. The report continues with a summary of new key findings of this second report. The Mclaren report can be found in the following link:

https://www.wada-ama.org/en/resources/doping-control-process/mclaren-independent-investigation-report-into-sochi-allegations-0

The article continues with its explanation of how the swapping of urine samples was carried out. The article states how positive urine samples were smuggled through “mouse holes” between laboratories.

The BBC analysis talks of how allegations have been backed up evidence. Also how these alarming allegation may effect the russian winter olympics 2018 and football world cup 2018, may even lead to taking away of these events from Russia. The report states the different reactions to the Mclaren report from the IOC, UK Anti-doping agency and the US Anti-doping agency.

The Russian reaction includes comments from Russian Olympic Committee vice president commenting the allegations are “nothing new”. Whilst deputy speaker of the Russian parliament described the allegations as “torrent of lies, disinformation, rumours and fables”

Our Verdict: This article and the whole saga around the doping scandal surrounding Russian sports personnel is an eye opener. On the surface it highlights the possibility of Russian athlete wrongdoing, which may be true. However its implications may not be just confined to sports but are likely to add to the already strained relationship between UK, US and its allies and the Russian government. Considering the worlds biggest tournament the FIFA world cup 2018 is due to be held in Russia also adds to the significance of this revelation. It would be interesting to see how far this case will go and the resulting reaction from Russian authorities and government.

Key word: World Cup 2018